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Targeted Muscle Testing™

HISTORY OF MUSCLE TESTING AND TARGETED MUSCLE TESTING

In 1949, Florence and Henry Kendell, both Physical Therapists, set the standard for medical muscle testing in their book entitled Muscles, Testing and Function.

In 1964, Dr. George Goodheart, Chiropractor, began developing Applied Kinesiology. Applied Kinesiology took muscle testing to a whole new level, including an eclectic system for making weak muscles instantly strong. Applied Kinesiology is primarily practiced by Chiropractors.

In 1980, Dr. Alan Beardall, Chiropractor, began publishing a series of books on Clinical Kinesiology which elaborated on the concept of testing sections of muscles individually.

In 1993, Dr. Clay discovered Subtle Muscle Palpation. (Subtle Muscle Palpation is taught in the Quick Self Fixes/Targeted Muscle Testing Workshop.) Subtle Muscle Palpation is a way of lightly touching the skin over muscles, quickly discovering subtle variations in muscle tone, thereby distinguishing between weak and strong parts of muscles. The skin over weak muscle sections feels flaccid or soft to the touch while skin over strong muscle sections feels firm. This led to a startling realization.

Traditional muscle testing misses more muscle weakness than it finds. Traditional muscle testing does not actually test the whole muscle as it indicates. Dr. Clay’s research proves that in medium to large muscles, the entire muscle is not weak; yet, isolated sections within these muscles are commonly weak. For example, the center or belly of larger muscles are commonly found weak, while the origin and insertions of these muscles commonly test strong. Targeted Muscle Testing teaches individuals how to test muscles exactly where sections of muscles are found chronically weak in adults. Muscle testing people exactly where they are weak is easy. Dr. Clay has figured this out for you! Mostly by inventing muscle tests focusing on testing the bellies of sections of muscles.

Dr. Clay has pinpointed 31 important muscle tests which are easy to learn and are commonly found weak in adults on one or both sides of the body. Twenty-four of these 31 muscle tests do not exist in contemporary literature. Through necessity, Dr. Clay developed these 24 muscle tests to specifically target chronically weak muscles or sections of muscles discovered through Subtle Muscle Palpation.

Dr. Clay has pinpointed 31 important muscle tests which are easy to learn and are commonly found weak in adults on one or both sides of the body. Twenty-four of these 31 muscle tests do not exist in contemporary literature. Th rough necessity, Dr. Clay developed these 24 muscle tests to specifically target chronically weak muscles or sections of muscles discovered through Subtle Muscle Palpation. Out of hundreds of muscle tests, Dr. Clay has focused on 62 muscle tests which he has discovered to be commonly weak. This list of muscle tests is referred to as the Golden List. Of these 62 tests, 31 have been chosen to be the muscle tests for this course. This list of 31 tests is fondly referred to as the Diamond List. The beauty of the Diamond List is that when these muscles are all made strong, the rest of the 31 muscle tests on the Golden List usually become strong as well! For instance, infraspinatus and supraspinatus are on the Diamond List and hence are two of the targeted muscle tests in this course. The same Quick Self Fixes which make these two muscle tests strong also make two other muscle tests on the Golden List strong; subscapularis and teres minor. These four muscles are the rotator cuff muscles. In this example, two muscle tests represent a total of four muscle tests. This saves a lot of time and effort!

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